Penta-L-lysine Potentiates Fibrin-Independent Activity of Human Tissue Plasminogen Activator.

Rehan, Mohammad and Sagar, Amin and Sharma, Vandna and Mishra, Sanskruti and Ganguly, Ashish and Sahni, Girish (2015) Penta-L-lysine Potentiates Fibrin-Independent Activity of Human Tissue Plasminogen Activator. The journal of physical chemistry. B, 119 (42). pp. 13271-7. ISSN 1520-5207

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The therapeutic action of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is a two-step process: (1) binding to lysine-rich fibrin (Km event) and (2) converting local plasminogen into plasmin (Kcat event). Overcoming limitations of other structural biophysics methods, we wanted to employ small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) to visualize what shape changes occur/accompany t-PA activation, but the prime hurdle was the polydisperse nature of the fibrin, which occluded scattering information from t-PA. Earlier, larger polylysine peptides have been used to potentiate activation of t-PA, so while screening short polylysine peptides as alternatives to fibrin or larger peptides, we found that penta-polylysine (P5) specifically activates t-PA in a dose-dependent manner, averaging to almost 3-fold more than in the absence of any peptide. SAXS data analysis confirmed that P5 does not induce association of t-PA molecules, and a narrower peak profile of the Kratky plot indicated that P5 binding quenches inherent motion in t-PA. Shape reconstruction of t-PA ∓ P5 revealed that P5 closes the "gap" between the two gross domains of t-PA, viz. fused F/E, K1 and K2 domains, and the P domain. Docking experiments suggested that, while other polylysine peptides preferentially interacted with the surfaces of kringle domains, P5 "slipped into" the gap/groove between K2 and P domains, thereby mediating a substantial increase in the number of long-range interactions between the K2 domain and exosites in the P domain. We report here dissection of shape events involved in between Km/Kcat steps of t-PA activation, which can pave the way toward the search for small molecule function regulator(s) of t-PA.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to ACS Publications
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microbiology; Plasminogen Activator
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Depositing User: Dr. K.P.S.Sengar
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2016 04:47
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2016 04:47

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