Pseudomonas fluvialis sp. nov., a novel member of the genus Pseudomonas isolated from the river Ganges, India

Sudan, Sarabjeet Kour and Pal, Deepika and Bisht, Bhawana and Kumar, Narender and Chaudhry, Vasvi and Patil, Prabhu and Sahni, Girish and Mayilraj, Shanmugam and Krishnamurthi, Srinivasan (2018) Pseudomonas fluvialis sp. nov., a novel member of the genus Pseudomonas isolated from the river Ganges, India. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 68 (1). pp. 402-408. ISSN 1466-5026

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A bacterial strain, designated ASS-1T, was isolated and identified from a sediment sample of the river Ganges, Allahabad, India. The strain was Gram-stain-negative, formed straw-yellow pigmented colonies, was strictly aerobic, motile with a single polar flagellum, and positive for oxidase and catalase. The major fatty acids were C16 : 1ω7c/ 16 : 1 C16 : 1ω6c, C18 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. Sequence analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene revealed that strain ASS-1T showed high similarity to Pseudomonas guguanensis CC-G9AT (98.2 %), Pseudomonas alcaligenes ATCC 14909T (98.2 %), Pseudomonas oleovorans DSM 1045T (98.1 %), Pseudomonas indolxydans IPL-1T (98.1 %) and Pseudomonas toyotomiensis HT-3T (98.0 %). Analysis of its rpoB and rpoD housekeeping genes confirmed its phylogenetic affiliation and showed identities lower than 93 % with respect to the closest relatives. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA, rpoB, rpoD genes and the whole genome assigned it to the genus Pseudomonas. The results of digital DNA-DNA hybridization based on the genome-to-genome distance calculator and average nucleotide identity revealed low genome relatedness to its close phylogenetic neighbours (below the recommended thresholds of 70 and 95 %, respectively, for species delineation). Strain ASS-1T also differed from the related strains by some phenotypic characteristics, i.e. growth at pH 5.0 and 42 °C, starch and casein hydrolysis, and citrate utilization. Therefore, based on data obtained from phenotypic and genotypic analysis, it is evident that strain ASS-1T should be regarded as a novel species within the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonasfluvialis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is ASS-1T (=KCTC 52437T=CCM 8778T).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Society for General Microbiology
Uncontrolled Keywords: 16S rRNA; ANI; GGDC; P. guguanensis; Pseudomonas fluvialis; rpoB
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Depositing User: Dr. K.P.S.Sengar
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2018 03:37
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 14:27

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