HelD, an RNA Polymerase Interacting Helicase, Forms Amyloid-Like Fibrils.

Kaur, Gundeep and Kapoor, Srajan and Thakur, Krishan Gopal (2018) HelD, an RNA Polymerase Interacting Helicase, Forms Amyloid-Like Fibrils. Frontiers in microbiology, 9. p. 1934. ISSN 1664-302X

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Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb...


HelD, an RNA polymerase binding protein from , stimulates transcription and helps in timely adaptation of cells under diverse environmental conditions. At present, no structural information is available for HelD. In the current study, we performed size exclusion chromatography coupled to small angle X-ray scattering (SEC-SAXS) which suggests that HelD is predominantly monomeric and globular in solution. Using combination of size exclusion chromatography and analytical ultracentrifugation, we also show that HelD has a tendency to form higher order oligomers in solution. CD experiments suggest that HelD has both α-helical (∼35%) and β sheet (∼26%) secondary structural elements. Thermal melting experiments suggest that even at 90°C, there is only about 30% loss in secondary structural contents with T of 44°C. However, with the increase in temperature, there was a gain in the β-sheet content and significant irreversible loss of α-helical content. Using a combination of X-ray fiber diffraction analysis, and dye based assays including Thioflavin-T based fluorescence and Congo red binding assays, we discovered that HelD forms amyloid-like fibrils at physiologically relevant conditions . Using confocal imaging, we further show that HelD forms amyloid inclusions in . Bioinformatics-based sequence analysis performed using three independent web-based servers suggests that HelD has more than 20 hot-spots spread across the sequence that may aid the formation of amyloid-like fibrils. This discovery adds one more member to the growing list of amyloid or amyloid-like fibril forming cytosolic proteins in bacteria. Future studies aimed at resolving the function of amyloid-like fibrils or amyloid inclusions may help better understand their role, if any, in the bacterial physiology.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bacillus subtilis; HelD; SEC-SAXS; amyloid fibrils; intracellular amyloids; oligomerization
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Depositing User: Dr. K.P.S.Sengar
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2019 09:31
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2019 09:31
URI: http://crdd.osdd.net/open/id/eprint/2149

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