Tridecaptin M, a New Variant Discovered in Mud Bacterium, Shows Activity against Colistin- and Extremely Drug-Resistant .

Jangra, Manoj and Kaur, Manpreet and Tambat, Rushikesh and Rana, Rohit and Maurya, Sushil K and Khatri, Neeraj and Ghafur, Abdul and Nandanwar, Hemraj (2019) Tridecaptin M, a New Variant Discovered in Mud Bacterium, Shows Activity against Colistin- and Extremely Drug-Resistant . Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 63 (6). pp. 1-16. ISSN 1098-6596

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The World Health Organization has categorized the Gram-negative superbugs, which are inherently impervious to many antibiotics, as critical priority pathogens due to the lack of effective treatments. The breach in our last-resort antibiotic (i.e., colistin) by extensively drug-resistant and pan-drug-resistant strains demands the immediate development of new therapies. In the present study, we report the discovery of tridecaptin M, a new addition to the family, and its potential against colistin-resistant and Also, we performed mode-of-action studies using various fluorescent probes and studied the hemolytic activity and mammalian cytotoxicity in two cell lines. Tridecaptin M displayed strong antibacterial activity (MICs of 2 to 8 μg ml) against clinical strains of (which were resistant to colistin, carbapenems, third- and fourth-generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, fosfomycin, and other antibiotics) and -positive strains. Unlike polymyxins, tridecaptin M did not permeabilize the outer membrane or cytoplasmic membrane. It blocked ATP synthesis in bacteria by dissipating the proton motive force. The compound exhibited negligible acquired resistance, low cytotoxicity and hemolytic activity, and no significant acute toxicity in mice. It also showed promising efficacy in a thigh infection model of colistin-resistant Altogether, these results demonstrate the future prospects of this class of antibiotics to address the unmet medical need to circumvent colistin resistance in extensively drug-resistant infections. The work also emphasizes the importance of natural products in our shrunken drug discovery pipeline.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society for Microbiology.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gram-negative bacteria; Paenibacillus sp.; XDR Enterobacteriaceae ; antibacterial drug screening; antibiotic resistance; antimicrobial agents; colistin resistance; nonribosomal peptides; tridecaptin M
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Depositing User: Dr. K.P.S.Sengar
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2019 12:41
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 12:41

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