Phylogenomic Insights into Diversity and Evolution of Nonpathogenic Strains Associated with Citrus.

Bansal, Kanika and Kumar, Sanjeet and Patil, Prabhu B (2020) Phylogenomic Insights into Diversity and Evolution of Nonpathogenic Strains Associated with Citrus. mSphere, 5 (2). e00087-20. ISSN 2379-5042

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species are primarily known as a group of phytopathogens infecting diverse plants. Recent molecular studies reveal the existence of potential novel species and strains of following a nonpathogenic lifestyle. In the present study, we report whole-genome sequences of four nonpathogenic strains from citrus (NPXc). Taxonogenomics revealed the surprising diversity, as each of these three isolates were found to be potential novel species that together form a citrus-associated nonpathogenic species complex (NPXc complex). Interestingly, this NPXc complex is related to another nonpathogenic species, , from rice (NPXr). On the other hand, the fourth NPXc isolate was found to be related to nonpathogenic isolates from walnut (NPXw); altogether, they form a potential taxonomic outlier of pathogenic species. Furthermore, genomic investigation of well-characterized pathogenicity clusters in NPXc isolates revealed lifestyle-specific gene content dynamics. Primarily, genes essential for virulence (i.e., ype 1 ecretion ystem [T1SS], T2SS and its effectors, T3SS and its effectors, T4SS, T6SS, adhesins, and gene cluster) and adaptation (i.e., , iron uptake and utilization, xanthomonadin, and two-component systems) were depicted by comparative genomics of a community comprising diverse lifestyles. Overall, the present analysis confers that nonpathogenic isolates of diverse hosts phylogenomically converge and are evolving in parallel with their pathogenic counterparts. Hence, there is a need to understand the world of nonpathogenic isolates from diverse and economically important hosts. Genomic knowledge and resources of nonpathogenic strains will be invaluable in both basic and applied research of the genus is one of the top phytopathogenic bacteria and is the causal agent of citrus canker. Interestingly, is also reported to be associated with healthy citrus plants. The advent of the genomic era enabled us to carry out a detailed evolutionary study of a community associated with citrus and other plants. Our genome-based investigations have revealed hidden and extreme interstrain diversity of nonpathogenic strains from citrus plants, warranting further large-scale studies. This indicates an unexplored world of from healthy citrus plant species that may be coevolving as a species complex with the host, unlike the variant pathogenic species. The knowledge and genomic resources will be valuable in evolutionary studies exploring its hidden potential and management of pathogenic species.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to ASM.
Uncontrolled Keywords: comparative genomics; ecology; evolution; nonpathogenic Xanthomonas ; pathogenicity; speciation; virulence- and plant adaptation-related gene clusters
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Depositing User: Dr. K.P.S.Sengar
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2020 11:24
Last Modified: 27 Apr 2020 11:24

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