Intermolecular phosphotransfer is crucial for efficient catalytic activity of nucleoside diphosphate kinase.

Dar, Haider Hussain and Chakraborti, Pradip K (2010) Intermolecular phosphotransfer is crucial for efficient catalytic activity of nucleoside diphosphate kinase. The Biochemical journal, 430 (3). pp. 539-49. ISSN 1470-8728

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NDK (nucleoside diphosphate kinase) is primarily involved in maintaining cellular nucleotide pools in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. We cloned ndk from Salmonella typhimurium and expressed it in Escherichia coli as a histidine-tagged protein. The Ni-NTA (Ni(2+)-nitrilotriacetate)-purified protein (sNDK) was found to be tetrameric with a monomeric unit molecular mass of approximately 18 kDa. The sNDK exhibited bivalent-cation-dependent autophosphorylation at a wide range of pH values and the phosphorylation withstands acid or alkali treatment. Surprisingly, nucleoside diphosphates did not behave as 'true inhibitors' of autophosphorylation activity. The sNDK displayed phosphotransfer activity from nucleoside triphosphates to nucleoside diphosphates; however, it was Mg(2+)/Mn(2+)-dependent. Mutational analysis established His(117) as the predominantly phosphorylating residue in sNDK. Although it is a histidine kinase, we found that substitution of Ser(119) with alanine/glutamate significantly affected the autophosphorylation, as well as the NTP-synthesizing ability of sNDK. Interestingly, the mixture of inactive (H117A) and partially active (S119A) proteins was found to be catalytically more efficient than the presence of corresponding amounts of active population, advocating transfer of phosphate from phospho-His(117) to Ser(119). Consistent with this observation, the Ni-NTA-purified H117A protein, obtained following co-expression of both of the mutant constructs [His-tagged H117A and GST (glutathione transferase)-tagged S119A] in E. coli, exhibited autophosphorylation, thereby alluding to intermolecular phosphotransfer between His(117) and Ser(119). Although this housekeeping enzyme has long been discovered and characterized from different sources, the results of the present study portray how Ser(119) in sNDK is phosphorylated. Furthermore, our findings illustrate for the first time that the intermolecular phosphotransfer is mandatory for the efficient NTP synthesis in any NDK.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Posrtland Press
Uncontrolled Keywords: autophosphorylation, bacterium, enzyme kinetics, NTP synthesis, nucleoside diphosphate kinase, phosphotransfer activity, site-directed mutagenesis.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. K.P.S.Sengar
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2011 19:16
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2011 19:16

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