Redox-mediated interactions of VHb (Vitreoscilla haemoglobin) with OxyR: novel regulation of VHb biosynthesis under oxidative stress.

Anand, Arvind and Duk, Brian T and Singh, Sandeep and Akbas, Meltem Y and Webster, Dale A and Stark, Benjamin C and Dikshit, Kanak L (2010) Redox-mediated interactions of VHb (Vitreoscilla haemoglobin) with OxyR: novel regulation of VHb biosynthesis under oxidative stress. The Biochemical journal, 426 (3). pp. 271-80. ISSN 1470-8728

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The bacterial haemoglobin from Vitreoscilla, VHb, displays several unusual properties that are unique among the globin family. When the gene encoding VHb, vgb, is expressed from its natural promoter in either Vitreoscilla or Escherichia coli, the level of VHb increases more than 50-fold under hypoxic conditions and decreases significantly during oxidative stress, suggesting similar functioning of the vgb promoter in both organisms. In the present study we show that expression of VHb in E. coli induced the antioxidant genes katG (catalase-peroxidase G) and sodA (superoxide dismutase A) and conferred significant protection from oxidative stress. In contrast, when vgb was expressed in an oxyR mutant of E. coli, VHb levels increased and the strain showed high sensitivity to oxidative stress without induction of antioxidant genes; this indicates the involvement of the oxidative stress regulator OxyR in mediating the protective effect of VHb under oxidative stress. A putative OxyR-binding site was identified within the vgb promoter and a gel-shift assay confirmed its interaction with oxidized OxyR, an interaction which was disrupted by the reduced form of the transcriptional activator Fnr (fumurate and nitrate reductase). This suggested that the redox state of OxyR and Fnr modulates their interaction with the vgb promoter. VHb associated with reduced OxyR in two-hybrid screen experiments and in vitro, converting it into an oxidized state in the presence of NADH, a condition where VHb is known to generate H2O2. These observations unveil a novel mechanism by which VHb may transmit signals to OxyR to autoregulate its own biosynthesis, simultaneously activating oxidative stress functions. The activation of OxyR via VHb, reported in the present paper for the first time, suggests the involvement of VHb in transcriptional control of many other genes as well.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyrighy of this article belongs to Portland press
Uncontrolled Keywords: bacterial haemoglobin, oxidative stress, OxyR, protein–protein interaction, Vitreoscilla haemoglobin (VHb), Vitreoscilla
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Depositing User: Dr. K.P.S.Sengar
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2011 19:32
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2011 19:32

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