Function of the 90-loop (Thr90-Glu100) region of staphylokinase in plasminogen activation probed through site-directed mutagenesis and loop deletion.

Rajamohan, Govindan and Dahiya, Monika and Mande, Shekhar C and Dikshit, Kanak L (2002) Function of the 90-loop (Thr90-Glu100) region of staphylokinase in plasminogen activation probed through site-directed mutagenesis and loop deletion. The Biochemical journal, 365 (Pt 2). pp. 379-89. ISSN 0264-6021

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Staphylokinsae (SAK) forms a bimolecular complex with human plasmin(ogen) and changes its substrate specificity by exposing new exosites that enhances accession of substrate plasminogen (PG) to the plasmin (Pm) active site. Protein modelling studies indicated the crucial role of a loop in SAK (SAK 90-loop; Thr(90)-Glu(100)) for the docking of the substrate PG to the SAK-Pm complex. Function of SAK 90-loop was studied by site-directed mutagenesis and loop deletion. Deletion of nine amino acid residues (Tyr(92)-Glu(100)) from the SAK 90-loop, resulted in approximately 60% reduction in the PG activation, but it retained the ability to generate an active site within the complex of loop mutant of SAK (SAKDelta90) and Pm. The preformed activator complex of SAKDelta90 with Pm, however, displayed a 50-60% reduction in substrate PG activation that remained unaffected in the presence of kringle domains (K1+K2+K3+K4) of PG, whereas PG activation by SAK-Pm complex displayed approximately 50% reduction in the presence of kringles, suggesting the involvement of the kringle domains in modulating the PG activation by native SAK but not by SAKDelta90. Lysine residues (Lys(94), Lys(96), Lys(97) and Lys(98)) of the SAK 90-loop were individually mutated into alanine and, among these four SAK loop mutants, SAK(K97A) and SAK(K98A) exhibited specific activities about one-third and one-quarter respectively of the native SAK. The kinetic parameters of PG activation of their 1:1 complex with Pm indicated that the K(m) values of PG towards the activator complex of these two SAK mutants were 4-6-fold higher, suggesting the decreased accessibility of the substrate PG to the activator complex formed by these SAK mutants. These results demonstrated the involvement of the Lys(97) and Lys(98) residues of the SAK 90-loop in assisting the interaction with substrate PG. These interactions of SAK-Pm activator complex via the SAK 90-loop may provide additional anchorage site(s) to the substrate PG that, in turn, may promote the overall process of SAK-mediated PG activation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Portland Press.
Uncontrolled Keywords: kringle domain, molecular modelling, site-directed mutagenesis
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. K.P.S.Sengar
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 18:19
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2012 18:19

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